PRB: ADO Find Method Only Supports One Criteria

ID: Q195222

The information in this article applies to:


When you attempt to use the ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) Find method to search by multiple criteria, or in other words you use AND, the following error occurs:

   Error: 3001:
   This application is using arguments that are of the wrong type, out
   of acceptable range or in conflict with one another.


The Find method is a single column operation only because the OLE DB specification defines IRowsetFind this way.


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Here are four possible workarounds to this limitation. The limitations of this Multi-Find method versus the ADO Find method are that it does not support the "SkipRows", "SearchDirection", or "Start" parameters. If you want these features, you need to create a more complicated custom multi-find method. The Multi-Find method would have to parse the criteria string out properly, navigate the recordset accordingly while checking each criteria for matches.


This behavior is by design.


The ADO Help documentation states the following for the Find method's first argument, criteria:

   A String containing a statement that specifies the column name,
   comparison operator, and value to use in the search.

Steps to Reproduce Behavior

1. Start Microsoft Visual Basic, Form1 is created by default.

2. Set a Project Reference to the Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects 2.0


3. Insert a command button on the form.

4. Insert the following code into the Command1_Click event:

      Dim objConnection As New ADODB.Connection
      Dim rs As New ADODB.Recordset

      objConnection.ConnectionString = _
      "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.3.51;Data Source=nwind.mdb"

      rs.Open "Select * from customers", objConnection, _
      adOpenStatic, adLockOptimistic
      rs.Find "Customerid = 1 and companyname = 'Hello'"

5. Run the form and click the command button.

RESULTS: The error occurs.


For additional information, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

   ARTICLE-ID: Q193871
   TITLE     : INFO: Passing ADO Recordsets in Visual Basic Procedures

(c) Microsoft Corporation 1998. All Rights Reserved. Contributions by Matthew Hofacker, Microsoft Corporation.

Additional query words:

Keywords          : kbADO150 kbADO200 
Version           : WINDOWS:1.5,2.0
Platform          : WINDOWS
Issue type        : kbprb

Last Reviewed: May 19, 1999